The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major impact to our world in various aspects. Healthy individuals infected with COVID-19 often develop different complications, even more so for patients with medical comorbidities. Various reports and studies have suggested cardiovascular disease as one of the major comorbidities in patients with COVID, and COVID infection could be life threatening in patients with pre-existing heart diseases, such as heart failure. In view of such, we aim to review on the subset of COVID patients who have pre-existing heart failure, in terms of in-hospital mortality, delivery of in-patient care and in-hospital complications. In conclusion, heart failure patients have a high mortality rate, a high risk of developing complications and require more healthcare resources. More hospital care is needed, with more advanced nursing and rehabilitation care. Heparin and corticosteroids can be considered to lower the complication and mortality rate, and telecommunication may be a useful adjunct to lower the healthcare-related costs.
Ka-Yi Chan, Hiu-Ching Chan, Calvin Ka-Lam Leung, Qing-Wen Ren, Kai-Hang Yiu, The Clinical Outcomes of Covid-19 Infection with Pre-existing Heart Failure – A Scientific Review Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology 2023;30(5) https://doi.org/10.55503/2790-6744.1512
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