Transvenous Dual Chamber Pacemaker Implantation via a Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava
A 73-year-old patient underwent dual chamber pacemaker implantation because of symptomatic second-degree heart block. During implantation, persistence of the left superior vena cava was observed. A passive fixation right ventricular lead and an active fixation right atrial lead were used with satisfactory long-term pacing and sensing result.
Yui-Ming Lam, Cheuk-Man Yu, Chu-Pak Lau, Transvenous Dual Chamber Pacemaker Implantation via a Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology 2002;10(2) https://doi.org/10.55503/2790-6744.1144